Our teaching practices might be very traditional or they might include activity-based learning and STEAM projects.

Then, we were on to Step 2 — Make a Plan. Anyway, after I knew they had down the various strategies and when to use them, then we went into the actual problem solving steps. We talked about how this was where we were going to choose which strategy we were going to use.

I needed something new. Once we were all done, students were officially Problem Solving S. They analyze givens, constraints, relationships, and goals.

4 Steps to Problem Solving

Can you see the result in a glance? Try to remember if you’ve done a similar problem before – If you have done a similar problem before, try to use the same approach that worked in the past for the solution. They monitor and evaluate their progress and change course if necessary.

In the short term, students’ performance on assessments will improve, and confidence in their mathematical ability will grow. George Polya was a Elemejtary scholar and mathematician who moved to the U. Javascript Required Sorry, this site does not work properly without JavaScript enabled.

Teaching Problem Solving in Math

Mathematically proficient students start by explaining to themselves the meaning of a problem and looking for entry points to its solution. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. Subscribe to Our Wolving. Here is a problem related to yours and solved before.


A second benefit of extending the process from three steps to four is that having students think at these levels will deepen their understanding of mathematics and improve their fluency in using math language. These four steps can be summarized as follows:. Excerpts from NCTM documents validate the district’s problem-solving strategy. I would like to share a conversation I had recently with my friend Stu.

Students raced one another to see how quickly they could get down to the nitty gritty of the word problems. To help students understand the problem, I provided them with sample problems, and together we did five important things:. Polya suggested that math should be presented in the light of being able to solve problems. I wanted students to be aware that sometimes, when we are working on a steps in problem solving in elementary math, a particular strategy may not be working, and we may need to switch strategies.

They consider analogous problems, and try special prbolem and simpler forms of the original problem in order to gain insight into its solution.


He will need to buy 4 eleementary. I provided students with plenty of practice of the strategies, such as in this guess-and-check game. It was a great way to put everything we discussed in there. Did you use all the data? S into work at Steps in problem solving in elementary math University.

Both ways of thinking about mathematics have endured through the centuries, but at least in American education, there has been an emphasis on a procedural approach to math. We discussed these thinking strategies:. Step Two – Choose the Right Strategy It step one has been done well, it should ease the job of choosing among the strategies presented here for approaching the problem solving step. Problem solving is a fundamental means of developing students’ mathematical knowledge and it also shows them that math concepts apply to real-world concepts.