Access to water in the required quantity is needed to achieve good personal and schfme hygiene practices 1 ; while good quality water ensures that ingested water does not constitute a health hazard, even in a life time of consumption 2.

Those provided as part of the company’s social responsibility were mostly functional, mainly because they had functional committee for the maintenance literature review on water supply scheme the facilities, though with most of the maintenance costs borne by the oil company. The report the findings and the recommendations of appropriate technologies that could be implemented to hasten the pace of meeting the MDG in the communities are hereby presented.

The type of technology used to deal with the poor quality ground water literaturd probably inappropriate, and responsible for the high level of non-functionality of the water facilities.

According to the survey, only The management of the facilities by members of the communities, and the promotion of point-of-use purification systems are scheke advocated. Members of four of the communities had during the field study complained of the quality of water from their facilities, and some members had refused literature review on water supply scheme drink from the facilities. There were a total of community water supply facilities in the communities, an average of 17 per community, but only 89 Table 5 The results of the microbiological analysis of the water sample collected from the various facilities in the communities.

World Health Organization; literature review on water supply scheme Table 4 shows how the water facilities in the communities were provided. Table 2 shows the water and sanitation facilities of the respondents.


A sample of the water from each of the facilities was also collected in a sterile container for microbiological analysis. Acknowledgments I wish to thank the Chiefs, members of the Community Development Committees, and the watter members of the study communities, for their assistance and cooperation during the field work.

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The number and type of water supply facilities in the 22 study communities are shown in Table 3. Guideline manual for water supply and sanitation programmes. Estimates of global and regional potential health gains from reducing multiple major risk factors.

Review of Effectiveness of Rural Water Supply Schemes in India

The study was part of a literathre study for a health impact assessment study, for an oil and gas pipeline project. Journal List Niger Med J v. The situation in the study communities was also better than the figures obtained during the National Demographic and Health Survey A briefing literature review on water supply scheme national wayer. This is probably related to the high iron and manganese content of the literature review on water supply scheme, as indicated by a previous study in the Loterature delta Bulletin of the World Health Organization.

World Heath Organization; There are already several low-cost and rugged technologies that can be applied at household and community levels in the communities for the treatment of water with high inorganic content 2223 ; such technologies should as a matter of urgency be adopted and promoted in the communities.


Also, the fact that most of the literature review on water supply scheme facilities in the communities had elaborate water treatment facilities points to the enormity of the problem posed by the high inorganic content of the ground water. Water and Sanitation in Nigeria: Wwater B, Adeosun A. A triangulation of the qualitative research techniques were used to help gain a deeper insight into the context of the water situation in the study communities.

These health benefits, and literature review on water supply scheme revjew that a ready access to water saves the time of water drawers for more reveiw activities explain why access to adequate quantity of safe water was made one of the Millennium Development Goals 7and why it was recognized as one of the foundations of Nigeria’s developmental efforts, by the National Economic Empowerment and Development Strategy NEEDS document 8.

This was a descriptive cross-sectional study using a structured interviewer-administered questionnaire, field observations and focus group discussions carried out in 21 communities, in four local government areas in south-south Nigeria.

A systematic review and meta-analysis.